Are you planning to go responsive in 2021? But don’t know which technology to use to get your application developed efficiently and at a lower cost? Flutter and React Native are the top most frameworks that developers usually adopt. Undoubtedly, both cross-platform frameworks have their own set of advantages and disadvantages.
However, these emerging technologies are still placing many of you in a quandary over which framework is best suited to your app idea.
To assist you in making the right option, we have covered the most often asked queries, such as “What is Flutter?”, “How is it different from React Native?”, “Who will lead the future market?” and “Which cross-platform app development framework is better to pick in 2021?”
Let’s start the battle!
What is React Native?
In 2015, Facebook launched React Native as an open-source project. In just a few years, it surged to the top of the list of mobile development solutions. Some of the world’s most popular mobile apps, such as Instagram, Facebook, and Skype, are built with React Native. One of the most significant features of React Native is Expo. It is a free and powerful tool for embedding and running React Native apps on the web, iOS, and Android.
What is React Native Is Used For?
React Native is an effective framework for:
- Creating apps for both Android and iOS using a single codebase
- Using the same React design
- Cross-platform App Development
Pros of React Native
1) Code Reusability
One of the most key features of React Native is its ability to reuse components. Reusable codes eliminate the need for developers to write different code for similar app components. This enables faster development at a reduced cost.
2) Native UI Components
Unlike other cross-platform technologies that employ HTML elements, React Native allows you to design views using React Native UI components, which are compiled into platform-specific UI components. As compared to writing everything from scratch, providing ready-made components reduces a significant amount of time.
3) Native Code
React Native allows you to modify your published native apps independently, and it even allows you to integrate React Native with native code, whether it’s Swift, Objective-C, or Java. This is helpful if you intend to use platform-specific code to create separate graphic components for multiple platforms.
Debugging React Native apps is simple. It publishes native apps that can be tested on physical devices using Expo, a free and open-source toolchain developed around React Native, without opening them in XCode or Android Studio.
React Native is developed by Facebook, and it is used by many of the world’s biggest mobile apps, including Facebook, Instagram, SoundCloud, and Skype. Undoubtedly, it is quite stable and reliable.
Cons of React Native
1) Limited Native Libraries
React Native only supports a few native libraries, it may be challenging to execute the app if it has many features. Java, Objective-C, and Swift are preferred over React Native when performing several complicated calculations simultaneously.
2) Compatibility issues
Despite being leveraged by prominent tech players, React Native is still in beta. Debugging and compatibility difficulties may arise for the developers. As a result, if the developers are not well-versed in dealing with React Native, it might hinder the whole development process by wasting time debugging.
3) Native Code
In certain instances, you may need to write native or platform-specific code in your mobile apps, particularly if you need to access device hardware such as the camera or GPS, defeating the purpose of cross-platform development and rendering React Native worthless for small teams.
4) Low Security
What is Flutter?
Flutter is an open-source mobile framework that integrates with Dart, a programming language developed by Google. It’s generally referred to as an enhanced UI toolkit for developing cross-platform apps from a single codebase. It enables the development of complex and flexible user interfaces with native performance.
What is Flutter Used For?
Flutter is an effective framework for:
- MVP mobile applications
- Advance OS plugins
- Flexible UI with high-level widgets
- Reactivate apps with vast data integration
Pros of Flutter
1) Hot Reload
The hot reload feature is built into Flutter’s framework and does not require any plugins to operate. Hot reloading enables you to view updates in real-time. Assume you noticed a problem while executing a program. In Flutter, you can fix it right away, picking up where you left off without restarting the entire thing. Returning to regular programming, where deployment takes several minutes, may be difficult. Hot reload increases programmers’ efficiency, aids in rapid iteration, and allows you to experiment without significant delays.
2) Faster Development
In today’s highly competitive digital marketplace, reaching to market faster might be the one thing that separates you from the competition. When you use Flutter, you can create your application faster than with a standard native application. Not only do you save time by developing a single codebase that runs on multiple platforms, but Flutter also has several other features that help you save time throughout the development cycle. Because you spend less time performing reviews and modifications, hot reload speeds up development by several weeks. Because you have one codebase to test, testing and debugging require less time.
3) Great App Design
Flutter builds its widgets and does not rely on system components. Flutter’s UI is also highly user-friendly. Flutter has a distinct but attractive appearance that lends it a significant advantage over React Native.
4) Perfect for MVPs
When looking for cross-platform development alternatives, evaluate how fast and efficiently it can develop an app. There is a high demand for developing an MVP (Minimum Viable Product) for an app, and Flutter is the ideal tool for the job.
Cons of Flutter
1) Third-party Libraries
Third-party libraries and packages play an important role in automating software development and eliminating the need for programmers to build everything from scratch. There are many excellent native Flutter libraries, but things aren’t looking so well when it comes to third-party libraries. The number of Flutter solutions accessible is less than the number of native development/React Native packages. The good news is that Flutter is expanding all the time, and the situation with third-party libraries is considerably better now than it was in 2018 or 2019.
3) Large File Sizes
Another drawback of using Flutter is the size of the application file. The apps created using Flutter are greater than 4 MB. Apps developed using Flutter take a long time to start or load. This is a sign of poor performance and can degrade a user’s experience.
React Native Vs. Flutter: Which is better?
|Components Library||Vast & extensive Library||Small & less inclusive|
|Architecture||Based on Flux and Redux||Based on Bloc|
|When to use||When you need code that can be reused for mobile, web, and desktop applications.||When you need excellent UI and fast performance|
When it comes to developing a cross-platform application, Flutter and React Native are both prominent technologies since they both offer unique characteristics such as live-updating or developing visual UIs with adaptive software. The framework used is heavily influenced by the project requirements, and various project types require different benefits. So declaring a winner entails outperforming the attributes of one leading framework over another, which makes no sense.
The Final Takeaway
Still, confused about which one to choose? Do you require help? Outsourcing to India might be a low-cost option to expand your business. Hire our professional mobile app developers as an outsourced team and speak with them to clear up any doubt.